When you say “dermatologist,” you are referring to medical professional who deals with the treatment of conditions affecting the skin, hair, and nails. Acne, psoriasis, eczema, melanomas, moles, skin tumors, and skin cancer are just some of the conditions that they treat. A specific board of dermatology, depending on where the dermatologist practices their profession, will be certifying these medical professionals. If you live in the US, then you have to make sure that the dermatologist that you choose is certified by the American Board of Dermatology.
For dermatologists to be qualified in the US, they need to graduate and undergo rigorous training from an accredited osteopathic school or medical school. Obtaining a foreign graduate certification is vital for dermatologists who wish to practice in the country but have graduated from medical schools outside of the said country. Similar to other medical doctors, dermatologists have to undergo and train at least an entire year in a residency program for clinical training in family practice, emergency medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and obstetrics, internal medicine, or general surgery. You can call dermatologists medical specialists because they are medical doctors who are fully trained in the specialized area that deals with skin conditions.
A person who suffers from certain skin issues like psoriasis, eczema, or skin cancer will most often be referred to a dermatologist by their general doctor. With dermatologists having undergone specialized training in skin conditions, they will know which treatment and management plans work best for your condition. Most of the time, they will be recommending treatments for certain skin conditions namely, chemical peels or dermabrasion, tissue augmentation, laser resurfacing, liposuction, hair transplants, or sclerotherapy. When it comes to these medical specialists, they also know the most effective and latest surgical techniques out there. That is why these professionals also know how to properly manage skin disorders that result from aging like skin changes, hair loss, and skin discolorations. For some of these dermatologists, they also specialize in providing an array of cosmetic treatments like collagen injections, Botox injections, as well as eyelid surgery.
While dermatologists are already referred to as specialists in dealing with various skin conditions, some of them even specialize further when it comes to providing treatments. For instance, you have the so-called dermatopathologist who specializes in dealing with skin diseases caused by infection as well as those related to degeneration and immune system disorders. To pinpoint the cause of the skin disease, these medical specialists will be doing microscopic examinations. Most of the time, these doctors even work in hospital settings where they will find the contagious skin infections.
Pediatric dermatology is another type of advanced dermatology. As the name implies, these specialists deal with childhood skin conditions like skin allergies and eczema. You often find these specialists to be working with a bigger medical team that treats children with complicated medical conditions with different symptoms.